Antisocial Personality Disorder. Diagnosis and Symptoms
Published on Friday, February 4th, 2011 at 10:20 pm and is filed under Mental Disorders
The personality determines how a person behaves, what he or she thinks, how it interacts with the world around. The disorder of personality changes occurs, when a person is constantly implementing mechanisms of behavior in an unusual manner. The disorders of personality changes continue for a long period of time, they are persistent.
Some types of substances and drugs can cause facial disorders. Medicines and drugs aggravate the human condition in this disorder. The severity and duration of the disorder may be exacerbated by other mental illnesses such as mood disorder, anxiety and other psychological disorders.
The diagnostic criterion of the antisocial disorder is that people refuse to accept and to recognize the rights of the others; they demonstrate an unwillingness to follow the well-known norms in society.
This disorder involves chronic antisocial behavior, the origins of which appears even in adolescence, up to 15 years, and then grows into adulthood. The disorder may manifest symptoms such as instability, poor work performance, illegal activities, recklessness, carelessness, impulsive behavior. Symptoms may include dysphoria, incapability to endure sadness and boredom, feeling like a victim and the inability to have intimate relationships.
People with antisocial disorder, often come into conflict with the society, with the environment in which they live, and as a consequence their behavior is considered immoral and unethical. Complications of this disorder lead to regular imprisonment for any violation, like alcoholism and drug abuse.
People with this disorder may at first seem to be very nice, but it is only an appearance, as they are irritable, aggressive and irresponsible. They have many health complaints, there may be an attempt to commit suicide, but during their manipulative behavior, you hardly realize where the truth lies, and where – do not.
Symptoms of antisocial personality disorder:
- disrespect to the public laws;
- unlawful conduct;
- violation of the rights of others;
- physical aggression;
- instability at work, in personal and family life;
- man does not feel remorse;
- superficial charm;
People with antisocial personality disorder, frequently use alcohol and drugs to hide and to blunt the signs and symptoms of this disorder. They try to raise the low self-esteem, to eliminate the feeling of guilt towards themselves and others, and to exaggerate their own sense of identity.
Many people with this disorder, along with alcohol, use medicines and drugs such as heroin, cocaine, marijuana and methamphetamine. The use of illegal drugs by patients is due to the fact that these people see the world as something dramatic and very speedy. Drugs help them to raise their self-esteem. These people can commit a crime, and their behavior is extremely risky for themselves and for other people too. Some people have enhanced symptoms of antisocial behavior. They tend to use stimulants such as cocaine and amphetamine. The rapists with a pronounced anti-social behavior, after committing the crime, use to consume alcohol in order to fill the fault. People with less severe antisocial behavior use heroin, cocaine to dull the feelings of depression, aggression, and anger.
Causes of antisocial personality disorder
The cause of antisocial personality disorder is unknown, but doctors believe that the reason lies in the genetic material of the human, because people with this disorder are usually from disadvantaged families. However, environmental factors also play an important role in the development of this disorder. Approximately 3% of men and 1% of women suffer from this disorder, but the percentage of manifestations of this disorder is higher among people in the jail.
Diagnosis of this disorder is carried out at those who have attained the age of 18. Often, these people already have the data on antisocial behavior up to 15 years, for example, truancy at school, substance abuse, and the constant lies, petty crimes. Diagnosis of disorder is carried out for psychological assessment of the patient. As this is a serious disorder that has no effective treatment, it is primarily to treat other existing disorders.
Treatment of antisocial psychopathy
People who suffer from this disorder may need therapy. Some patients come themselves to the doctor, and some must be taken by force, because they violate the law regularly. Treatment of this disorder is not always successful, there is only a small percentage cured. Inpatient care of patients is more efficiently. According to some reports, the symptoms of this disorder decreases with age after 30 years or older, many of these symptoms are not manifested so dramatically, and patients stop to abuse alcohol or illegal drugs. Suicide is a very common phenomenon for people with this diagnosis.
Studies have shown that drugs do not help in the treatment of this disorder. Often patients do not take regular medications or abusing them, and so they are not effective in treating this disorder.