Hysteria – a complex disorder, which manifests itself in specific emotional-affective and somatic-vegetative clinical phenomena. Typical of invertibility of neuro-psychiatric disorders, and no apparent pathological changes in the nervous system.
Psychotherapy of hysteria. Types of hysterical personality and hysterical people.
Psychological counseling for therapists distinguishes the main feeling in hysteria is a sense of a small, shy and handicapped child, overcoming difficulties as well as can be expected in a world dominated by powerful people. Although hysterical personality often act as controlling and manipulating their subjective mental state which are quite opposite. Manipulation (including psychological counseling and psychotherapy), produced by individuals with a hysterical structure is in marked contrast to the maneuvering of psychopathic people and is secondary to their main desire for security and acceptance. They include management of other attempts to reach safe haven in the middle of a frightening world, to make sustainable the self-esteem to control the sense of worry and to initiate it active. They usually do not seek pleasure “beating” someone.
The self-esteem among actors often depends on their sense of achievement, that they have the same status and power as women (or like homosexuals with a hysterical structure, the same status and force as men who they regard more masculine). The attachment to the ideal object – especially the opportunity to be with him in public – creates something like “derivative” self-esteem:” This powerful man is a part of me.” Sexual acting may be activated by unconscious fantasies that pierce a strong man – that means somehow a charge with power.
Another way to achieve self-esteem for hysterical people are to rescue others. They can take care of their inner child frightened by reference in assisting the child in danger, or take possession of his fear of authorities and begin to change or to treat those who now replace the scar feelings of admiration, the objects of childhood. The phenomenon of a kind, sympathetic, loving woman who falls in love with a prefatory, destructive man in the hope of “saving” him charge him with the task to meet her parents, friends.
In the images of dreams of hysterical people, men and women, psychoanalysts often found the symbols representing the ownership of uterus and penis. Hysterically organized women tend to see any power they possess by natural aggression, but rather as representing their “masculine” side, as an integrated part of their sexual identity. Inability to feel the power of femininity creates for hysterical women an unsolvable problem. A patient said:” When I feel strong, I feel like a man, not a strong woman.”
Representation that the other half has the advantage of creating the striking paradox of women with hysterical personality structure in spite of the unconscious sense of the fact that power is inseparable from masculinity, their view of themselves firmly feminine. Because they believe that the only potential femininity is their sex appeal, these patients may be concerned about how they look and are afraid more of aging. The tragic qualities of an aged hysterical woman were captured in the character of Blanche DuBois in Tennessee Williams play “The streetcar of desire”. Any client with hysterical tendencies, man or woman, should encourage the development of other areas (except for visual appeal), in which you can find and implement self-esteem.
The propensity to vanity and seduction in hysterical personality is different in the sense of the behavior of such a process in people with narcissistic personality. People with a hysterical structure are not intrinsically indifferent and empty, they fascinate people because they fear of invasion and abandonment. When they do not have to worry about these, they are sincerely welcome and friendly. In the more healthy hysterical people the love aspects of their personalities clash with their defensive and destructive tendencies.
The behavior of hysterical people, aimed to attract attention, has an unconscious attempt to confirm the significance of the fact that they take – especially if you valued their gender, as opposed to childhood experiences. Hysterically organized people tend to feel castrated. Flaunting your body they can have a passive sense of physical inferiority to the active sense of power in the region of physicality. Thus, their exhibitionism is directed against stress, depression and neurosis.
In the same way, the analyst can explain the hysteria associated with the “superficial feelings”. However, when theater people express their feelings, they often express drama, face and exaggerated quality. However, this does not mean that they “really” do not have emotions, which are being discussed. Their superficiality and obvious affection stem from extreme concern that happens when they express themselves recklessly in front of those who feel strong. Since they were depreciated, they do not expect a respectful attention to their feelings. These people exaggerate emotions, to get rid of anxiety or depression and to convince themselves and others in their own right to express free.
At the same time, letting them to know that they should not be taken seriously, they keep for themselves the opportunity to renounce the words, or minimize their importance, when suddenly again it appears that it is – another unsafe place to express themselves. Exclamations like:” I was so furious!”, followed by a rotation of the theatrical eye, invite the therapist to consider emotions as absent in reality. It really takes place, but is immersed in the conflict (related to the point of neurosis). Finally, in an atmosphere of absolute respect for individual theater will be able to describe the anger and other feelings in words.