Published on Saturday, February 5th, 2011 at 3:09 pm and is filed under Mental Disorders
What is insomnia?
Insomnia is a condition in which a person experiences sleep problems. Many people with insomnia may fall asleep easily but wake up soon. Other people have the problem, the opposite of this, i.e. they find it difficult to sleep. As a result, the person is not getting enough sleep, which affects the well-being and mood in the morning.
Types of Insomnia
There are two types of insomnia. The most common form of insomnia it is the secondary insomnia. It is believed that 8 out of 10 people suffer from the secondary form of insomnia. Secondary insomnia – is when this condition occurs as a result or a side effect of any disease.
Disease that can cause insomnia:
Some diseases of lungs or heart;
Pain, stress or depression;
Drugs that violate the right sleep process;
Caffeine, tobacco, alcohol and other substances that interfere with the normal course of sleep;
Effect of irritating factors such as environment, in which it is impossible to sleep, or changes in sleep regime;
In contrast, primary insomnia is a condition which is not a side effect of any disease. This is a sleep disorder which, at least, lasts for 1 month or longer.
Insomnia is a very common problem. Sleep disorder leads to the fact that during the day the person wants to sleep and have no energy. If the disorder continues for a long period of time, the person experiences anger or depression, it’s hard to remember something new, to learn and to concentrate, the person may have difficulties at school or work. Insomnia leaves the person without energy, which it needs to pay attention to family or friends.
Insomnia can be mild or severe, it depends on how long is the disorder and how often it occurs. In chronic insomnia a person cannot sleep, at least for three nights or even a month. Insomnia that lasts less time than the chronic, is called acute insomnia or short time.
The Secondary insomnia usually passes without treatment, if it was possible to remove the cause of its occurrence. Improved sleep patterns and changes in lifestyle, as a rule, help to eliminate this frustration. If the cause of sleep disorders is not clear, then consult your doctor to resolve the problems.
Causes of insomnia
Causes of secondary insomnia
The secondary insomnia usually occurs because of stress, emotional stress or other disorders.
The cause of secondary insomnia can be an emotional disorder, including depression, stress, Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease. These are examples of neural disorders that can cause secondary insomnia.
The disease, which can also cause secondary insomnia are:
Diseases that cause acute pain, such as arthritis or headaches;
Diseases for which a person becomes difficult to breathe, such as asthma and heart failure;
Hyperthyroidism (thyroid disease);
Gastrointestinal disorders such as heartburn;
In addition, the secondary insomnia can be the result or side effect of taking drugs or substances, such as:
Caffeine or other stimulants;
Tobacco or other products containing nicotine;
Alcohol and other sedatives;
Certain medications for asthma (e.g. theophylline), and some allergy medications, drugs to treat the common cold;
Beta-blockers (drugs that are applied for the treatment of heart disease);
Causes of primary insomnia
Primary insomnia – is another sleep disorder that occurs because of emotional stress, and that usually lasts for a month. Yet scientists have not figured out whether people are born with this disorder.
Causes of primary insomnia:
Prolonged stress, emotional disturbance;
Travel or work schedule, which accounts for a lot of traveling, brings to disturbed sleep;
Even after removing these causes, insomnia may remain. Disorder persists because body was used to cope with lack of sleep.