What Is Mental And Behavioral Disorders Due To Use Of Caffeine
Published on Monday, September 12th, 2011 at 9:07 pm and is filed under Mental Disorders
What Causes Mental and behavioral disorders due to use of caffeine? What are the symptoms, how to diagnose and how to treat this deases?
The group includes amphetamines and caffeine. In amphetamines are included ephedrine, d-methamphetamine (ICE), which is salo used for smoking. Caffeine, theobromine and theophylline blocks adenosine receptors also induce the movement of intracellular calcium, as well as inhibit the enzyme phosphodiesterase. They are antagonists of adenosine receptors.
Symptoms of mental and behavioral disorders due to use of caffeine:
Increase of efficiency, activity, decreased fatigue, elevated mood, increased concentration, decreased appetite, insomnia, seizures, tremor. A lethal dose of caffeine is 100 tablespoons recalculated as instant coffee.
The use with harmful consequences
Somatic symptoms include palpitations and stenocardia pain, arrhythmia and extrasystoles, bronchiectasis, anorexia, nausea, diarrhea, metallic taste in the mouth, the diuretic effect, breast tenderness. In psychopathological disorders are included narcolepsy, stereotypy, fatigue and anxiety.
Mental and physical dependence.
Headache, chills, tremor, autonomic dysfunction, changes in potency, diarrhea, abdominal pain.
The symptoms are amphetamine psychosis, acute mania with a similar episode, with the influx of bright visual, olfactory and tactile hallucinations and strengthening imagination. Paranoid psychosis with delusions of persecution and depressive episodes.
Usually is not typical.
A residual state and a psychotic disorder with a lag debut
It is repeated amphetamine psychosis on a background of anxiety.
Diagnosis of mental and behavioral disorders due to use of caffeine:
Diagnosis is based on history, clinical intoxication.
It should be differentiated from affective and schizoaffective disorder, mental and behavioral disorders due to use of other substances, particularly cocaine. Visual, tactile and olfactory hallucinations are not typical to affective and schizoaffective disorders. Unlike other diseases with an overdose of amphetamine dependence, consciousness and orientation remain clean.
Treatment of mental and behavioral disorders due to use of caffeine:
Treatment is symptomatic, including detoxification, low doses of haloperidol or chlorpromazine, temperature control, the introduction of beta-receptors, psychotherapy and behavioral therapy.