What Are Other Organic Personality Disorders
Published on Monday, August 15th, 2011 at 12:19 am and is filed under Mental Disorders
Disorder that are observed in the majority of premature babies, children born as a result of abnormal births take place against a background of minimal cerebral dysfunction, and belong to this group.
What Causes Other organic personality disorders
Usually it is the pre-and postnatal brain damage with symptoms of minimal cerebral dysfunction in early childhood, often accompanied by delayed development. Natural cause is asphyxia, for example, as a result of entanglement of umbilical cord. Various cognitive, emotional, personality and behavioral disorders do not qualify in the previous filed in connection with the inaccuracy of nosology in section F07.
This category also includes:
a) Any other adjustments, but suggestive symptoms of personality changes and behavior in connection with illness, injury or dysfunction of the brain of a different nature than the F07 – F07.2;
b) state with mild cognitive impairment, do not reach the degree of dementia, a progressive mental disorder.
Symptoms of Other organic personality disorders
This group includes the behavioral and neurotic disorders in childhood and adolescence, resulting in residual-organic-based (so-called neurosis and psychopathic disorder). These are phobic, obsessive, dissociative disorders, syndromes, disinhibition and actually delay development of residual-organic basis.
Clinical example: A boy, K., 7 years. Born from the first pregnancy was premature and shouted at once. Walk began at 1 year and six months, phrase speech- at three years. In early childhood, was characterized by lethargy. In particular, he could continually play with the same toy, for a long time staying alone. Fear of strangers came in three years and was fixed: was afraid of, except his mother and father, including close relatives, beware of cats and dogs, was afraid of loud noises, while walking he had shivers when he heard steps behind. In a game marked stereotypic stretching the lips. He liked to draw simple geometric figures. Intelligence differs disproportionately. In particular, in the four years he already knew all the letters and could add them, but said little and reluctantly, often monosyllabic answers to questions. He chewed his nails.
Diagnosis of other organic personality disorder
It is based on the identification of neurotic, personality or cognitive impairment on uncertain residual-organic basis.
It should be differentiated from a progressive change in some exchange of intelligence mental retardation, such as phenylketonuria, tyrosinemia, Rett syndrome. In these disorders is marked increase in cognitive and behavioral disorders.
Treatment of other organic personality disorder:
Treatment includes the impact on an organic basis (nootropics – nootropil, Phenibut, glutamic acid, entsefabol, aminalona) and symptomatic therapy to neurotic or behavioral disorders (tranquilizers, small doses of neuroleptics).