What causes pathological gambling? What the symptoms are and how to treat pathological gambling?
What causes pathological gambling.
The causes of pathological gambling are unknown. It becomes more frequent during times of stress and has a compulsive character.
Symptoms of pathological gambling
Frequent recurrent episodes of gambling, leading to a decrease in professional, material and family values. Patients at risk of their jobs, make more debts, violate the law in order to obtain money or evade the payment of debts. A symptom may be pathological computer game with a symbolic win. It often, though not always, promotes the formation of a dependent personality disorder, characterized by being taken to the game object or person most of the problems, the subordination of their needs to the game or a dominant personality, the formation of psychic dependence. Alone or on the sidelines, dependent personalities have a sense of helplessness and fear of independent decisions, as well as fear of abandonment, no free solutions can not be accepted. In, pathological gambling, it is described the bright idea of the violent game that master identity especially in times of stress. As a result of prolonged (more than 7 hours per day) of the computer using there is a particular professional behavior modification and original color of neuroses and psychoses. Professional behavior modification, in particular, is expressed in the simplification of speech turns, looking over the heads of the interlocutor, gestures, automatic, printing reminders on the dashboard before falling asleep and waking up, hypnagogic imagery computer going to sleep, change in the structure of communication and dreaming. With sudden problems (erasure of information, failure of a computer) there are found the effects of so-called “absence”, which are expressed in psychogenic solidification front of the screen, confusion and fatigue and sometimes anxiety and restless nervousness.
One of the patients could not wait until morning to find the cause of the interruption of computer communication, and throughout the night kept repeating attempts to connect to the recipients. In the morning it appeared that she sees on the screen an extinct respondent’s answer. Throughout the day on his way to work and at the work itself he mentally reproduced the subscriber set and had seen the “mental” screen, its answer. As the relationship continued to be absent due to technical reasons the following 2 days, he felt indifferent, there were it was thought to be unnecessary to have lost the meaning of life. Often, he, stopping in front of the monitor dimmed, “felt mentally” implementation of computer communication and just mentally gave the answer. The disorder took place, as soon as the patient regained technical communication.
Clinical example: A patient K., aged 14 years suffered from kleptomania, all the money he spent on playing cards. When the money ran out, he could steal from their parents and guests who have appeared in the house. He was admitted to the hospital, but he still had this behavior and an irresistible attraction to the game. In the 15 years he has visited in the computer gaming and met with a gun, “one-armed bandit”, the first day he won the equivalent of 300 dollars, spending only 10. The next two days he lost everything and a friend loaned him $ 25, with which he won $ 500. He stopped going to school, even though he assured the parents that he is involved in the class visits by falsifying grades. This went on for almost a year. At the same time it locks in a particular slot machine and “did not trust others.” He was hospitalized in a psychiatric ward, but after four days (it was winter), escaped the next day he was found near his gun. At night, he entered the territory of cabin and slept next to him.
Treatment of pathological gambling :
Neuro-linguistic programming, transactional analysis, computer psychotherapy.
Books about pathological gambling:
- Pathological Gambling: Etiology, Comorbidity and Treatment
- Pathological Gambling: A Clinical Guide to Treatment
- Pathological Gambling (Psychological Disorders)
See all Compulsive Behavior Books