Psychopathic Personality – Psychopathic Character
Published on Saturday, March 3rd, 2012 at 6:00 pm and is filed under Mental Health
Probably the most popular and frightening of all patients tend to have the character of psychopathic personality. Most psychologists, psychiatrists and therapists use the term “sociopathic” and “anti-social” as synonyms – unlike some of the early psychoanalysts since Freud who used these terms to refer to the criminal subculture of people who do not represent any psychopaths.
People whose personalities are structured along the lines of a psychopathic personality are distributed on a very psychotic, disorganized, impulsive, sadistic people like Richard Chase, who killed, dismembered and drank the blood of his victims (he had the illusion that his own blood is poisoned and he must do so to survive), to sophisticated polite charming personalities, such as those characters that have been described by Snevart in his report on misconduct committed at the highest levels of the American system of Governance.
The psycho continuum is over loaded in the direction of the border to the psychotic, because by definition this diagnosis is associated with an inability to basic human affection and with reliance on primitive defense mechanisms. However, while we agree with the psychologist Burstenom, we are of the view of the existence of people with high function, whose personality is more evident of socio-pathology than about any other qualities and that justifies the diagnosis of a high level of psychopaths.
These people have sufficient integration of identity, reality check and have the ability to use more mature defenses to treat them as patients whose disorders are on the level of neurosis. However, their nuclear ways of thinking and acting, indicate that anti-social emotion. In the example can be successful and occupies a prominent social position of a counterfeiter.
The essence of psychopathic personality psychology is captured burst diagnostic criterion according to which the organizing principle of the psychopathic personality is “to do” all or consciously manipulated by others. Formulated in this way, the diagnosis of socio-pathology has nothing to do with apparent crime, but entirely from internal motivation (requiring, therefore, psychological support).
In psychoanalysis, there is some evidence that people who become anti-social, have a higher basal aggression than others. The fact that babies are born with a different temperament (this is known to any parent who has more than two children), is now confirmed. Some of the areas in which children demonstrate an innate variability include the activity level of aggressiveness, reactivity, general ability and other similar factors that also affect the development of psychopathic direction (the direction of neurosis).
The studies of children taken from the orphanage, confirmed the validity of socio-pathology with certain genetic factors, which, although they are not determinative, but the presence of other predisposing factors stacked in its base. Neuro-chemical and hormonal studies indicate the likelihood of the biological substrate for high levels of affective and prefatory aggression seen in anti-social personalities, as in ordinary life and psychological counseling.
The diagnosed patients have a reduced reactivity of the autonomic nervous system, a fact that psychologists consider psychoanalytic explanation of the constant striving of people for the thrill and their apparent “inability to learn through experience” (including passing the course of psychotherapy or counseling). Briefly, the antisocial personality has innate tendencies toward aggression and a higher average, the threshold of pleasant excitement.
While most of us experience emotional satisfaction from the good music, sexual relations, natural beauty, clever joke and a well done job, psychopaths in need of a sharp, more “shaking” experience in order to feel and cheerful, and protect themselves from fear and depression. Taking into account this fact contributes to tolerance of the psychotherapist, who will need a huge cognitive support in order to remain in a normal relationship with a man whom is difficult to love and psychological work which can cause stress.
What about the basic emotions that are concerned with psychopaths, they are very difficult to determine because of the inability of anti-social people to express their emotions. Instead of saying they are acting. It seems that they are aware of the base excitation, not feeling the specific affects. When these people really feel, apparently, they go through the blind hatred or the manic euphoria. We denote some causes of this “massive affective unit”. For this reason, we note that psychological counseling, effective treatment of psychopaths and psychoanalysis is different from psychotherapy, people with other types of characters, have no hope to establish communication with the therapist by the reflection of their feelings.