Psychosomatic Condition. Neuroses of the Bodies. Cardiac Neurosis, and Essential Hypertension
Published on Friday, July 15th, 2011 at 10:26 am and is filed under Mental Health
In anger and sexual arousal, as well as for anxiety, there is a functional change of blood circulation. The heart is a love organ, it beats faster during anger and fear and slowly during sadness. Wagons and reactions are the most important physical components of affective syndromes. If emotions are suppressed, these components are always the affective equivalents. Any kind of “unconscious emotion” can be manifested in an accelerated heart rate.
Some individuals, apparently, are particularly prone to this type of response. They have not damaged the heart. Objectively, the “nervous heart” often has tremendous power of resistance. ”Somatic compliance” is not peculiar to a nervous heart, but rather the autonomic nervous system, its chemistry and control center.
At these individuals is typical the contents of the main conflicts. Under the guise of palpitations at times acts as sexual arousal, but much bowl chronic irritation of the heart and circulatory system caused by an unconscious fear of aggression and retaliation for aggression.
Typically, these patients suffer, slowing the hatred toward the parent of the same sex, but at the same time are afraid of losing his love, if this hatred is manifested openly. Fear of being left abandoned, brought from his childhood, takes the form of fear of death.
Very often in the foreground, with the identification of those who surrounded the patient suffers from heart disease (especially if the patient had wished that person died and at the moment is afraid of retaliation). The attack is often triggered by circumstances that require competition with the parent of the same gender. Then the patient is unconsciously trying to take a passive-dependent position. These are typical of unconscious conflicts in cases of neurocirculatory dystonia.
A patient with cardiac symptoms is not only identified with his father, who suffered from heart disease, but unconsciously introjected father, and then equated it with his heart.
Beats are sometimes instant reactions to events that stimulate the repressed conflicts. But, of course, not all beats are tangible, “the mental accelerator.”
Psychoanalysts Deutsch and Kauf studied the mechanisms of physiological and chemical effects of psychogenic factors in circulation. The fact that individuals are completely blocking the discharge of their emotions, are predisposed to respond within the circulatory system, appears to correspond to its closure (inability to absorb and release the outside) as opposed to the digestive system and respiratory system.
The neuroses are very common reaction of the general vasomotor such as redness, paleness, dizziness and fainting. This is because the vasomotor phenomena appear at the forefront of a somatic manifestation of all the passions and vasomotor response – prepared for an emergency discharge channels whenever muscle relaxation is blocked.
Vasomotor changes, combined with dystonic phenomena in the muscles are also the cause of most headaches. In Physiology of neurotic headaches there are still many uncertainties. In the psychological aspects differ actual-neurotic headaches due to internal pressure, organ-neurotic headaches caused by specific behaviors by unconscious conflict (ex. specific muscle tension during sleep), and conversion headaches (expressing, for example, a fantasy of pregnancy) .
The study of individual patients suffering from migraine, shows that it is inherent in neurotic character traits with emotional instability. They are easily frightened and frustrated, always ready to take the blame, sexually inhibited, strongly attached to their parents. The researchers had the impression that these patients are constantly struggling with unconscious hostility.
Psychologist and Psychotherapist Dr. Fromm-Reichmann is of the opinion that the symptoms occur especially when the unconscious hostility is directed at the destruction of the intelligence facility (“mental castration”), and wraps up this feeling of guilt at his own head rush aggressor.
The role of psychogenic factors in such heavy “vegetative neurosis,” as angioedema or Raynaud’s disease, has not yet been studied psychoanalytically.
Psychogenic background of organ-neurotic symptoms are sometimes obvious, even when their physiological basis remains unknown. An example is essential hypertension, that has only recently become the subject of psychoanalytic study.
Cases of essential hypertension are characterized by very high voltage unconscious instincts of the wholereadiness for aggression and simultaneously a desire to get rid of aggression. Both tendencies are unconscious and in individuals who have a superficial glance it seems very calm and not allow the discharge of their motives.
Unrealized internal stress caused by unconscious conflicts, at least is one of the aetiological factors of essential hypertension. This factor promotes the release of hormones that affect vascular tone and kidney.
Further studies should clarify the physiological mechanisms of these effects. The increase in cases of essential hypertension in recent years, is probably due to the peculiarities of psycho-social situation where people are taught that aggression is harmful, but you have to live in a society where the strongest demand is aggressiveness.