Substance Abuse Treatment
Published on Sunday, June 26th, 2011 at 2:52 pm and is filed under Mental Health
Substance abuse is a disease caused by chronic use of psychoactive substances (drugs not on the agenda as a drug, chemical and herbal substances), characterized by the development of mental and sometimes physical dependence, a changed tolerance to consumables, mental and physical disorders, changes of personality.
Substance abuse treatment
Treatment of patients with substance abuse is carried out in several stages in the hospital (or psychiatric drug treatment and outpatient relieve symptoms of intoxication and withdrawal symptoms cropped, restore impaired physical function, normalize mental state, suppress the symptoms of psychological dependence, support of anti-therapy and rehabilitation activities are carried out. When removing the effects of intoxication, along with conventional means of detoxification (glucose, vitamins, blood products), use of nootropics in large doses, especially nootropil, which has a pronounced anti-hypoxic effect of detoxification and, in severe cases are shown hemosorbtion, hemodialysis, forced diuresis.
If substance abuse is caused by taking a sedative or hypnotic drugs, particularly barbiturates, to avoid the development of severe manifestations of abstinence syndrome is not recommended that dieresis is forced, it should be gradually reduced the doses or alternate use, especially phenobarbital. Daily dose is usually reduced by 10%. With psychosis used neuroleptics, tranquilizers, spend detoxification and symptomatic therapy. In order to correct behavioral problems and the suppression of craving during active and supportive therapy effect was good at taking neuroleptics – prolong piporttila and haloperidol-decanoate.
It can also be used biophysical (including reflexology and electrical stimulation), psychotherapy (psycho-correction, group and individual therapy, etc.) treatments. Conducting group discussions aimed at developing a negative attitude to the use of substances for abuse, understanding the essence of substance abuse as a serious chronic illness and the establishment of facilities for the complete cessation of the use of substances for abuse, group psychotherapy sessions, which process behavioral responses in situations associated with increased risk. A big importance has family therapy - correction and restructuring of relationships within the family, individual therapy, which provides personal adjustment, creation of incentives for healthy lifestyle, practicing positive self-regulation skills active.
Patients who are in a psychotic state or with severe disorders of the intellect and memory, equated to psychotic states, in the commission of criminal acts may be declared mentally incompetent and are subject to compulsory treatment. In the presence of the patients expressed intellectual disorders can be found incompetent.